You probably have an idea of the type of fish you’d like for your aquarium, however it is vital that you understand a few things before buying fish.
When buying your fish, selecting from a good aquatics store – always choose bright, healthy and active specimens.
Transport them straight home. The conditions in a bag are not ideal and can stress the fish. The sooner they are settled in their new home, the better.
Once home, turn off the aquarium lights, open the top of the bag, roll down the sides and float the bag on the water for about 20-30 minutes. After this time, add a little of the aquarium water to the bag. Continue to do this, on and off, for about 5-10 minutes. This allows the fish to get used to the new water conditions. Finally, release your new additions by tipping the bag on its side and pouring the contents into the tank. Check no one has got caught in the bag.
Leave the lights off for another hour to let them settle in. Keep an eye on your new buddies, ensure they have settled and are not bullied by their existing tank mates.
Take care with feeding. As with a new aquarium, adding fish means that the filter needs to increase the bacteria to process all the new waste. (see – Understanding the nitrogen cycle?). Feed carefully and ensure all the food is eaten, any spare food should be scooped out with a fish net.